While cars are getting safer and road safety awareness becomes more widespread, one would expect traffic fatalities to decline. But unfortunately, that hasn’t been the case. Nationwide, roadway fatalities rose 7.2% in 2020, despite the fact that Americans drove 430 million fewer miles over the course of the year. The trend continued in 2021, with highway fatalities reaching a 16-year high, and despite measures being taken to eliminate dangers on the road, this concerning shift doesn’t seem to be subsiding.
What Makes Driving So Dangerous?
Texting while driving, speeding, or driving recklessly, and tired driving all contribute to the roadway fatality crisis. But one factor that is uniquely prevalent among seriously or fatally injured road users is intoxication. A study conducted by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) found that “55.8% of injured or killed roadway users tested positive for one or more drugs (including alcohol).”
The study reported that the most prevalent drug categories present were cannabinoids (25.1%), alcohol (23.1%), stimulants (10.8%), and opioids (9.3%). Additionally, 19.9% of the road users tested were found to have two or more categories of drugs in their system.
Contributing Factors to Intoxicated Driving: Cannabis & Opioids
According to the NHTSA, several factors contribute to these bleak statistics. For one, the increasing number of states moving to legalize the medical and recreational use of cannabis appears to correlate. In places where cannabis was legalized, a 4% increase in fatal car crashes has been observed, while crashes with injuries has increased by nearly 6%.
Likewise, the opioid epidemic prompts ongoing concerns about the dangers of opioid intoxication on the road. While the precise impact opioids have on road safety has proven difficult to quantify, studies suggest that people using prescription opioids are at least twice as likely to be involved in a car accident than those who aren’t.
The Road to a Safer Future
It’s a tragedy when a single death results from a traffic collision, which makes it nearly unthinkable that over 3,000 of these preventable fatalities occur on U.S. roads every day. While stricter DUI enforcement and road safety education campaigns have worked to decrease these losses, impaired drivers still pose a formidable risk to our roadways.
As statistics suggest, driving while intoxicated can result in far worse consequences than being convicted of DUI or having to attend an impaired driving program. Every time someone under the influence of substances gets behind the wheel, they put their own lives and the lives of others at risk.
If you or a loved one are struggling with addiction, call the New England Recovery Center today at 1-877-MyRehab.